Whether it is a laptop, T.V, monitor, Tablet or mobile the one thing which matters the most is the quality of display. There are so many factors which can affect the quality or performance of the screen, again it depends on the need for which the display is going to be used. For example if you are looking for a laptop for media consumption the screen should be bright enough and should be accurate enough in colors but if you are a content creator or you are a professional photographer color accuracy is a very crucial aspect for you. On the other hand if you want to play games on your laptop or monitor you can sacrifice a little bit in the screen’s color accuracy for a higher refresh rate panel with minimum response time.
Now you all must have gotten an idea about how this guide is going to be and I will be covering most of the aspects of the display which will help you in deciding your purchase. In this write-up i won’t be going into the technical part of the aspects as this is a simple guide for the aspects one should consider before buying screens.
Things to keep in mind before buying any screen – Buying Guide
Type of Displays
The most popular displays are IPS, LED and TN. I will not go into much details but will tell just enough so that you can know the difference between all these and help you decide which type of screen you want.
The IPS (In-Plane Switching) is a display technology that provides a much better viewing angles and color reproduction facility than the TN (Twisted Nematic) panels. Superior color accuracy, higher contrast ratio, and a barely color shifting when you change the angle make the IPS displays one of the best and recommended monitor types today.
The Light Emitting Diode (LED) technology is different than the LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). LED is more efficient, energy saver, and durable among both. It is a flat panel screen that is more reliable and less power consumption.
The conclusion is IPS Panel technology is best suited for the gaming monitors, displays, and TVs, while the LED panels widely used in the smartphone screens.
Always check the brightness of the screens before buying it, usually the brightness is mentioned in units of NITS, higher the NITS brighter the display.
Below are the value ranges for different lighting conditions, which you should consider for better visibility
250 NITS — indoor/ low light conditions
350 NITS – well-lit indoors
450 NITS – outdoor daylight
500 NITS – best for direct sunlight
Color Gamut (sRGB/ Adobe RGB)
There is no science in this the more percentage value means more accuracy in the colors. If you are a media consumer like browsing web, watching videos, some productivity tasks then you can focus more on sRGB values but if you are a content creator like editing photos or videos then you will have to focus towards Adobe RGB also.
It is always better to have both the values higher but this will increase prices also so you will have find a balance according to your need.
For media consumption we can consider sRGB value at least 75% and Adobe RGB at least 50% as a decent color gamut which will not disappoint you.
For content creators it is suggested to have 100% sRGB and 80% Adobe RGB if your budget allows but if not then you can have up to sRGB value at least 90% and Adobe RGB 70%.
Aspect ratio is the dimension of the screen vertically and horizontally, usually this is expressed as a ratio like 16:9 or 4:3 or 16:10 which is in the form of horizontal: vertical .
Generally, for media consumption best suited aspect ratio is 16:9 because most of the native videos and games are in this ratio. But if your use is more towards productivity side like content writing coding it would be best to have more vertical space so you will be saved from scrolling more often.
This is expressed as a ratio between the brightest and the dimmest of the screen. Written like 1000:1 which means it is 1000 times brighter than the darkest.
Higher the number on the brighter side will contribute towards more distinctive colors.
Always try to buy the screen which have higher ratio.
Refresh Rate and Response Time
If you are buying a display/monitor for playing games then this is the most important aspect now a days, this is because of the improvement we have seen in gaming performance of the machines
Nowadays you can achieve very high frame rates in your games only if your display is capable of showing as much frames otherwise it is a waste of your very expensive gaming machine.
As there are plenty of options available ranging from 60 Hz to 300 Hz you can choose whichever is best suited for you. For example, if you are buying a laptop with GTX 1650 GPU and i5 processor with a refresh rate of 240 Hz then it is a waste of resource because you will hardly achieve that many frames in your games, it is better to buy it with 144 Hz. The same concept goes with its opposite scenario if you have a machine which can easily give 240 Hz in most of the games then don’t go for 144 Hz go for as high refresh rates you can to improve your gaming experience.
So i think this is it guys you all must have gotten an idea about the selection criteria one must consider while purchasing a display/screen according to their needs.Please do let me know in the comments section if i missed any important aspect.